What chemicals are in Japanese knotweed 

Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) contains various chemical compounds, including but not limited to:


This compound is known for its antioxidant properties in various plants. Resveratrol is also present in Japanese knotweed and has been studied for potential health benefits.


Japanese knotweed contains various polyphenolic compounds, including flavonoids, stilbenes, and phenolic acids. These compounds contribute to the plant’s antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.


Rutin is a flavonoid commonly found in plants and also in Japanese knotweed. It has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and is believed to offer various health benefits.


Another flavonoid found in Japanese knotweed, quercetin, is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. It is also found in many other fruits, vegetables, and plants.


Emodin is a natural anthraquinone compound found in Japanese knotweed. It has been studied for its potential medicinal properties, including anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects.


Japanese knotweed is rich in lignans, including secoisolariciresinol, pinoresinol, and lariciresinol. Lignans are known for their antioxidant and estrogenic properties and have been studied for their potential role in cardiovascular health and hormone-related conditions.


Japanese knotweed contains flavonols, such as catechins and epicatechins, also found in tea and certain fruits. Flavanols have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and may contribute to the plant’s overall health benefits.

Caffeoylquinic acids:

These compounds, including chlorogenic and caffeic acids, are found in Japanese knotweed. They possess antioxidant properties and have been studied for their potential benefits in managing cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and neurodegenerative disorders.


Japanese knotweed is a natural source of phosphatidylserine, a phospholipid that plays a role in cellular function and signalling. Phosphatidylserine supplements derived from Japanese knotweed are sometimes used for cognitive support.

These are just a few examples of the chemical compounds found in Japanese knotweed. The plant contains a complex mixture of bioactive compounds, contributing to its biological activities and potential therapeutic uses. Anthraquinones: Japanese knotweed contains several anthraquinone derivatives, such as physcion, chrysophanol, and rhein. These compounds have been studied for their possible antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities.


It’s important to note that the composition and quantities of these bioactive compounds can vary depending on factors such as plant age, geographic location, and cultivation conditions. While Japanese knotweed has shown potential health benefits in some studies, consulting with healthcare professionals before using any plant-derived compounds for medicinal purposes is advisable.